How To Open a Demat Account

In India, a demat account is an essential requirement for individuals who wish to invest in the stock market. A demat account is an electronic account that holds securities in electronic form, eliminating the need for physical certificates. In this essay, we will discuss the steps involved in opening a demat account in India.

Step 1: Choose a Depository Participant (DP)

The first step in opening a demat account is to choose a depository participant (DP). A DP is an intermediary between the investor and the depository. The depository holds the securities in electronic form, while the DP facilitates the transfer of securities and maintains the investor’s account. Some of the popular DPs in India include HDFC Bank, ICICI Bank, Kotak Securities, and Sharekhan.

Step 2: Download and fill the account opening form

The next step is to download and fill the demat account opening form provided by the DP. The form can be downloaded from the DP’s website or obtained from the DP’s office. The form requires the investor to provide personal details, such as name, address, contact information, and PAN (Permanent Account Number) details. The form also requires the investor to specify the type of demat account they wish to open, such as an individual account or joint account.

Step 3: Submit the required documents

Once the account opening form is filled, the investor needs to submit the required documents to the DP. The documents required for opening a demat account include:

– PAN card

– Aadhaar card or passport for identity proof

– Voter ID or driving license for address proof

– Recent passport size photograph

– Bank statement or cancelled cheque for bank account details

The investor needs to submit the original documents along with self-attested copies to the DP. 

Step 4: Complete the in-person verification (IPV)

After submitting the documents, the investor needs to complete the in-person verification (IPV) process. IPV is a regulatory requirement that ensures that the investor is physically present at the time of account opening. IPV can be completed either online or in-person at the DP’s office. In case of online IPV, the investor needs to provide their Aadhaar details, and the verification is completed through a video call.

Step 5: Sign the agreement and pay the fees

After completing the IPV process, the investor needs to sign the demat account opening agreement provided by the DP. The agreement outlines the terms and conditions of the demat account, such as the charges, fees, and services offered. The investor needs to read the agreement carefully and sign it. The fees charged for opening a demat account varies across DPs, and the investor needs to pay the fees as per the DP’s fee structure.

Step 6: Receive the account details and start trading

Once the demat account is opened, the investor will receive the account details, such as the account number, login ID, and password. The investor can use these details to access the demat account and start trading in the stock market. The investor can also link their demat account to their trading account and place buy/sell orders online.


Opening a demat account in India is a simple and straightforward process. The investor needs to choose a DP, download and fill the account opening form, submit the required documents, complete the IPV process, sign the agreement and pay the fees, and receive the account details. With a demat account, investors can invest in the stock market without the hassle of physical certificates, making it a convenient and efficient way to invest in securities.

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